Completely headless Raspberry Pi setup (Ubuntu 20.04)
If you are running your Raspberry Pi devices completely headless, connecting them to a monitor and keyboard only for the sake of setting them up may be a chore. Luckily, it is pretty easy to prepare the SD card for the Raspberry Pi such as the rest of the setup can be run headlessly.
First, we grab the OS image and write the SD card with it.
wget http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/releases/20.04/release/ubuntu-20.04-preinstalled-server-arm64+raspi.img.xz echo "48167067d65c5192ffe041c9cc4958cb7fcdfd74fa15e1937a47430ed7b9de99 *ubuntu-20.04-preinstalled-server-arm64+raspi.img.xz" | shasum -a 256 --check unxz ubuntu-20.04-preinstalled-server-arm64+raspi.img.xz lsblk # if your sd card is at /dev/sda for instance sudo dd if=ubuntu-20.04-preinstalled-server-arm64+raspi.img of=/dev/sda bs=8M
Next, we’ll mount our SD card locally.
mkdir -p /mnt/sda1 /mnt/sda2 sudo mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/sda1 sudo mount /dev/sda2 /mnt/sda2
Once the Pi boots up, we’ll want to be able to SSH into it to perform the rest of the setup. This can be done by leaving an empty file named
ssh inside the boot partition.
You can also use this opportunity to edit
usercfg.txt. In my case I wanted to enable some cgroups (
cgroup_enable=cpuset cgroup_enable=memory) and turn off WiFi and Bluetooth (
Add any network configuration to be applied at first boot (netplan).
/mnt/sda2 you can either add some entries in
.ssh/authorized_keys in advance, or temporarily enable password-based SSH login in
Now when you boot your new Pi with the SD card set up above, you should be able to SSH into it momentarily and perform any additional setup.